Thursday, May 21, 2020
1. Comment on the charge that Emerson and his ideas were a factor in the weakening of traditional Christianity in the nineteenth century. Religiously devout Christians regarded his early works as Ã¢â¬Å"the latest form of infidelityÃ¢â¬ due to his transcendental viewpoint and his belief in nature as an Ã¢â¬Å"image in which humans can perceive the divine.Ã¢â¬ Emerson believed in individualism and the idea that Ã¢â¬Å"nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind.Ã¢â¬ EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢s belief in individual authority taught that validity came from within a person and that the individual had ultimate authority, not establish institutions such as religion; He focused on the idea that religion thwarted individual advancements. 2. Can Emerson accurately be called a pantheist? Did his radical transcendentalism, with its emphasis on God in nature, obliterate the historical Christian distinction between the moral and the natural? I believe that Emerson can accurately be called somewhat of a pantheist due to his belief that Ã¢â¬Å"an all-loving and all-pervading god whose presence in people made them divine and assured their salvation.Ã¢â¬ Over the years, his viewpoint changed from his traditional Unitarian Christian faith towards a more transcendental viewpoint that was a mixture of Ã¢â¬Å"Unitarianism, Puritanism, and the teachings of European romanticism.Ã¢â¬ I believe that his radical transcendentalism did tear apart the traditional Christian distinctions between the moral and the natural due to EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢sShow MoreRelatedRastafarian79520 Words Ã |Ã 319 Pagesto the advent of popular culture and especially the music recording business in the late twentieth century, its apparatus of cultural formation was controlled fully by the elite who, to a large extent, ran the educational apparatus and the economic system. But much of the country was beginning to question in earnest the structure of colonial society by the early 1930s. The emergence of Rasta during that period corresponds with so much that was happening around the world. Rastas could tell that
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Studying obedience to authority most often reveals human nature repugnantly; however, it teaches society individual capability and, thus, it can prevent unethical actions. In the film, A Few Good Men, Col. Nathan R. Jessup, the commanding officer at Guantanamo Bay Cuba orders a Ã¢â¬Å"code redÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â an unsanctioned disciplinary action against Pfc. William T. Santiago. Lance Cpl. Harold W. Dawson and Pfc. Louden Downey, two U.S. Marines, are the fellow platoon members that implement the code red, and Lt. Daniel Kaffee defends Dawson and Downey in court. Erich Fromm, author of Ã¢â¬Å"Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem,Ã¢â¬ and a social psychologist analyzes the origins of obedience and disobedience as well as different kinds of obedienceÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Fromm would say Jessup benefits by receiving obedience to the order, whereas Dawson and Downey gain no benefit. In addition, Kelman and Hamilton cite that killing a human being, according to the Uniform Code of Military justice Article 118, is unlawful and without excuse when intended Ã¢â¬Å"to inflict great bodily harmÃ¢â¬ (Kelman and Hamilton 135). Therefore, Kelman and Hamilton logically explain the ordered code red planned to provide Santiago with discipline by inflicting injuries. Not only was it an unethical command, but it was dictated by an authority who was irrational. Jerry M. Burger, professor of psychology at Santa Clara University, and author of Ã¢â¬Å"Conformity and ObedienceÃ¢â¬ recognizes that the military would soon cease to function if their officers stopped obeying authority (Burger). If Dawson and Downey disobeyed, a chain reaction could have occurred resulting in a culture in which orders are no longer followed. Furthermore, Burger continues and explains that Ã¢â¬Å"in the name of Ã¢â¬Ëfollowing ordersÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ people violate common ethical grounds. Fromm would likely refer back to humanistic conscience, meaning that despite following ord ers, one is aware of when an action causes destruction of life (Fromm 126). Fromm identifies why one should not listen to irrational authority on a human moral basis, whereas Kelman and Hamilton analyze it from a lawful point of view. Both American Military law and the Geneva Convention directly forbid killing of this kind (Kelman and HamiltonShow MoreRelatedA Few Good Men By Erich Fromm1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDuring the motion picture Ã¢â¬Å"A Few Good MenÃ¢â¬ it obscures the inquiry whether disobedience or obedience is the rational distinction and at what instant does following the orders turn into blind obedience and submission? Furthermore, the movie complicates this theme by establishing military culture where disobedience to a higher power invokes dire repercussions. One example in the motion picture is when United States Marines Lance Corporal Harold Dawson and Private Louden Downey where instructed by theirRead MoreA Few Good Men By Erich Fromm1404 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pag esIn the movie A Few Good Men, there is a large overlying problem in how Dawson and Downey succumb to blindly following their superiorÃ¢â¬â¢s crude moral values. In his article Ã¢â¬Å"Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem,Ã¢â¬ Erich Fromm studies the acts of obedience and the subsequent disobedience from a psychological standpoint. He begins by attesting disobedience to the beginning of true human life and obedience to the lingering doom that humans faced during the cold war. He continues to furtherRead MoreA Few Good Men By Erich Fromm And Stanley Milgram1214 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe movie, A Few Good Men, is the story of how two marines go on trial for the murder of another marine. The movie then unfolds into an emotional drama which dives deep into conspiracy and the psychodynamics of following orders. A Few Good Men was a critically acclaimed movie and was nominated for multiple Academy Awards. Similarly, authors Erich Fromm and Stanley Milgram, wrote essays th at explored the morals behind obedience, and how disobedience of immoral commands can bring betterment to othersRead MoreEssay about The Abuse of Power in the Military1186 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA Few Good Men is a movie that adequately causes debate among renowned professors, philosophers, and psychoanalysts. The film demonstrates multiple qualities of commands and power in the military, specifically the Marines. A Few Good Men has an early distinguishable gender distinction, where women are subordinate to men, despite being higher in rank. Marines use a punishment known as a Code Red to discipline any soldier who fails to comply with any and all given orders. Philip G. Zimbardo is a professorRead MoreObedience and Disobedience in A Few Good Man1594 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfilm A Few Good Men. Two soldiers caught in the middle of right and wrong will keep there hope and loyalty high as they wish for the best. Will the instigator of it all be pressured through his own anger to reveal t he truth? Rob Reiner presents Col. Nathan R. Jessep as having an exaggerated self opinion while using his power for evil, based on dispositional factors. Lt. Daniel Kaffee uses his Harvard law education to represent two Marines who are being charged for murder in the movie A Few Good MenRead MoreObedience And Its Effect On Society2278 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesbeen the root of numerous atrocities and serves as a reminder that obedience can lead to humanityÃ¢â¬â¢s downfall. Themes of obedience are studied in many articles and experiments. Two prominent examples, Stanley Milgram, a social psychologist, and Erich Fromm, a psychoanalyst, both wrote about their beliefs as to why humans are so prone to obey. The nature of human obedience derives its potency from consistent habituating, protection, and a deeply ingrained human characteristic. One of the reasons whyRead MoreObedience Is Not A Bad Thing Essay1420 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesobedience and disobedience serve a purpose, from positive control through obedience, to denying control to avoid being influenced to do something immoral. Erich Fromm, Doris Lessing, and Stanley Milgram reveal how the effects of obedience can be negative and how hard it can be to disobey. Obedience can be catastrophic; during the holocaust, many men obeyed orders only to find they were puppets in an evil scheme. However, thriving obedience in the human species is a cause of the need to please, a difficultyRead MoreObedience Is Not A Bad Thing Essay1465 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesobedience and disobedience serve a purpose, from positive control through obedience, to denying control to avoid being influenced to do something immoral. Erich Fromm, Doris Lessing, and Stanley Milgram reveal how the effects of obedience can be negative and how hard it can be to disobey. Obedience can be catastrophic; duri ng the holocaust, many men obeyed orders only to find they were puppets in an evil scheme. However, thriving obedience in the human species is a cause of the need to please, a difficultyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie A Few Good Men Essay1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesConsequences of Obedience Late one night, two Marines, Lance Corporal Harold Dawson and Private First Class Louden Downey carried out a Ã¢â¬Å"code redÃ¢â¬ on Private First Class William Santiago that ultimately resulted in SantiagoÃ¢â¬â¢s death. In the film A Few Good Men, nominated for an Academy Award for best picture and directed by Rob Reiner, Lieutenant Daniel Kaffee, investigates the crime and develops his own opinion on whether the murder of Santiago was ethically stable in terms of Dawson and DowneyÃ¢â¬â¢s mentalRead MoreLove and Marriage Illustrated in Raisin in the Sun, A Dolls House and Is Love an Art960 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the late 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s through early 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s women and men were did not Ã¢â¬Å"tie the knotÃ¢â¬ like the women and men do in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s day. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world, women and men get married because they have many things in common, they are in love with each other, and they choose to get married to one another. In many stories written back then, reade rs can expect to read about how marriages were arranged and how many people were not having the wedded bliss marriage proclaims today. Take a look at Ruth and Walter in
My time in New York clarified the perils of my existence; despite my good intentions, I am dangerous to humans, and my brother is dangerous to everyone. And now? What does the future hold? My days seem to pass like minutes. I suppose this means IÃ¢â¬â¢m growing accustomed to the idea of eternity. We will write a custom essay sample on StefanÃ¢â¬â¢s Diaries: The Craving Epilogue or any similar topic only for you Order Now I have lost so much in the months since I became the creature I now am. But I have gained time. And with time, I gain opportunity. I will see Italy. And the rest of Europe. I will travel the whole world. But I will never make a home among humans again. As for DamonÃ¢â¬ ¦ I believe our road together is long and our story is not over yet. Should one of us ever finally come to his doom, it will only be the other who causes it. And in the backgroundÃ¢â¬ ¦ heralded by the faint perfume of lemon and gingerÃ¢â¬ ¦ will always be Katherine, laughing at both of us. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t miss the new Vampire Diaries trilogy, The Hunters Read an exclusive sneak peek of the first volume, Phantom! Elena Gilbert stepped onto a smooth expanse of grass, the spongy blades collapsing beneath her feet. Clusters of scarlet roses and violet delphiniums pushed up from the ground while a giant canopy hung above her, twinkling with glowing lanterns. On the terrace in front of her stood two curving white marble fountains that shot sprays of water high into the air. Everything was beautiful, and elegant, and somehow familiar. This is BloddeuweddÃ¢â¬â¢s palace, a voice in her head said. But when she had been here last, the field had been crowded with laughing, dancing partygoers. They were gone now, though signs of their presence remained: empty glasses littering the tables set around the edges of the lawn, a silken shawl tossed over a chair, a lone high-heeled shoe perched on the edge of a fountain. Something else was odd, too. Before, the scene had been lit by the hellish red light that illuminated everything in the Dark Dimension, turning blues to purples, whites to pinks, and pinks to the velvety color of blood. Now a clear white light shone over everything, and a full white moon sailed calmly overhead. A whisper of movement came from behind her, and Elena realized with a start that she wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t alone after all. A dark figure was suddenly there, approaching her. Damon. Of course it was Damon, Elena thought with a smile. If anyone was going to appear unexpectedly before her, here, at what felt like the end of the world Ã¢â¬â or at least the hour after a good party had ended Ã¢â¬â it would be Damon. God, he was so beautiful. Black on black: soft black hair, eyes black as midnight, black jeans, and a smooth leather jacket. As their eyes met, she was so glad to see him that she could hardly breathe. She threw herself into his embrace, clasping him around the neck. She felt the lithe, hard muscles in his arms and chest as he held her tight. Ã¢â¬Å"Damon,Ã¢â¬ she said, her voice trembling for some reason. Her body was trembling, too, and Damon stroked her arms and shoulders, calming her. Ã¢â¬Å"What is it, princess? DonÃ¢â¬â¢t tell me youÃ¢â¬â¢re afraid.Ã¢â¬ He smirked lazily at her, but his hands were strong and steady. Ã¢â¬Å"I am afraid,Ã¢â¬ she answered. Ã¢â¬Å"But what are you afraid of?Ã¢â¬ That left her puzzled for a moment. Then, slowly, putting her cheek against his, she said, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m afraid that this is just a dream.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll tell you a secret,Ã¢â¬ he said into her ear. Ã¢â¬Å"You and I are the only real things here. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s everything else thatÃ¢â¬â¢s the dream.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Just you and I?Ã¢â¬ Elena echoed, an uneasy thought nagging at her, as though she was forgetting something Ã¢â¬â or someone. A fleck of ash landed on her dress, and she absently brushed it away. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s just the two of us, Elena,Ã¢â¬ Damon said sharply. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re mine. IÃ¢â¬â¢m yours. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve always loved each other, since the beginning of time.Ã¢â¬ Of course. That must be why she was trembling Ã¢â¬â it was joy. He was hers. She was his. They belonged together. She whispered one word, Ã¢â¬Å"Yes.Ã¢â¬ Then he kissed her. His lips were soft as silk, and when the kiss deepened, she tilted her head back, exposing her throat, anticipating the double wasp-sting heÃ¢â¬â¢d delivered so many times. When it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t come, she opened her eyes questioningly. The moon was bright as ever, and the scent of roses hung heavy in the air. But DamonÃ¢â¬â¢s chiseled features were pale under his dark hair, and more ash had landed on the shoulders of his jacket. All at once, the little doubts that had been niggling at her came into clear focus. Oh, no. Oh, no. Ã¢â¬Å"Damon,Ã¢â¬ she gasped, looking into his eyes despairingly as tears filled her own. Ã¢â¬Å"You canÃ¢â¬â¢t be here, Damon. YouÃ¢â¬â¢reÃ¢â¬ ¦ dead.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"For more than five hundred years, princess.Ã¢â¬ Damon flashed his blinding smile at her. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know why itÃ¢â¬â¢s such a shock to you.Ã¢â¬ More ash was falling around them, like a fine gray rain. Like the ash DamonÃ¢â¬â¢s body was buried beneath, worlds and dimensions away. Ã¢â¬Å"Damon, youÃ¢â¬â¢reÃ¢â¬ ¦ dead now. Not undead, butÃ¢â¬ ¦ gone.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No, Elena Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"Yes. Yes! I held you as you diedÃ¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ Elena was sobbing helplessly. She couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t feel DamonÃ¢â¬â¢s arms at all now. He was disappearing into shimmering light. Ã¢â¬Å"Listen to me, Elena Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬ She was holding moonlight. Anguish caught at her heart. Ã¢â¬Å"All you need to do is call for me,Ã¢â¬ DamonÃ¢â¬â¢s voice said. Ã¢â¬Å"All you needÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ His voice faded into the sound of wind rustling through the trees. ElenaÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes snapped open. The room was full of sunlight, and a huge crow was perched on the sill of her open window. A cloud must have gone over the sun; for a moment, the world was dim. The crow tilted its head to one side and gave another croak, watching her with bright eyes. A cold chill ran down her spine. Ã¢â¬Å"Damon?Ã¢â¬ she whispered. But the crow just spread its wings and flew away. How to cite StefanÃ¢â¬â¢s Diaries: The Craving Epilogue, Essay examples
Saturday, April 25, 2020
Reaction Paper on World Energy Outlook The World Energy Outlook is an annual publication of the International Energy Agency. It is widely recognized as the most authoritative energy source for global energy projections and analysis. The annual publication contains long-term energy market projections, extensive statistics, analysis and advice for both governments and the energy business. The World Energy Outlook has also developed alternative scenario that puts the global energy systems on a trajectory to stabilize greenhouse gas emissions. Their latest publication was the World Energy Outlook 2012 that was released last November 2012. Here is what I have learned from the executive summary. There is a new global energy landscape that is emerging. Taking all new developments and policies into hand, our world is still failing to put the global energy system onto a more sustainable path. Global energy demand grows by more than one-third over the period of 2035 with China, India and Middle East accounting for 60% of the increase. We will write a custom essay sample on World Energy Outlook Reaction Paper or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Energy demand barely rises in the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries, but there is a big movement away from oil, coal and nuclear towards natural gases and renewable energies. I have learned that despite the growth in low-carbon sources of energy, fossil fuels remain dominant in the global energy mix, supported by subsidies that amounted to $523 billion in 2011, up almost 30% on 2010 and six times more than subsidies to renewable. The cost of fossil-fuel subsides has been driven up by higher oil prices. Energy developments in the United States are profound and their effect will be felt by other nations as well. It is projected that around 2020, the United States will be the largest global oil producer and starts to see the impact of new fuel-efficiency measures in transport. This would enable a switch in direction of international oil trade towards Asia. In the publication, it is said that energy efficiency is widely recognized as a key option in the hands of policy makers but current efforts fall well short of tapping its full economic potential. It was also mentioned as well that the tackling the barriers to energy efficiency investment can unleash the potential and realize huge gains for energy security, economic growth and the environment. Successful action to this would have a major impact on the global energy and climate trends. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve found out in the report that natural as is the only fossil fuel for which global demand grows in all scenarios, showing that it fares well under different policy conditions. Also, coal has met nearly half of the rise in global energy demand over the last decade, growing faster even than total renewable. Whether coal demand carries on rising strongly or changes path will depend on the strength of policy measures that favor lower-emissions energy sources. Thus, the sensitivity of the changes in policy, the development of alternative fuels and the timely availability of infrastructure create much uncertainty for international steam coal markets and prices. It was also mentioned in the publication report that the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s demand for electricity grows twice as fast as its total energy consumption and the challenge to meet this demand is heightened by the investment needed to replace ageing power sector infrastructure. Of the new generation capacity that is built to 2035, around one-third is needed to replace plants that are retired. Half of all new capacity is based on renewable sources of energy, although coal remains the leading global fuel for power generation. Average global electricity prices increase by 15% to 2035 in real terms, driven higher by increased fuel input costs, a shift to more capital-intensive generating capacity, subsidies to renewable energies and CO2 pricing in some countries. A steady increase in hydropower and the rapid expansion of wind and solar power has paved the position of renewable energies as an essential part of the global energy mix; by 2035, renewable energies account for almost one-third of total electricity output. Solar grows more rapidly than any other renewable technology. Renewable energies become the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s second-largest source of power generation by 2015 and, by 2035; they approach coal as the primary source of global electricity. Despite progress in the past year, nearly 1. 3 billion people globally remain without access to electricity. Further, water is essential to energy production which includes: power generation; extraction, transport and processing of oil, gas and coal; and irrigation for crops used to produce bio-fuels. Also, water is growing in importance as a criterion for assessing the viability of energy projects, as population and economic growth intensify competition for water resources. Thus, managing the energy sectorÃ¢â¬â¢s water vulnerabilities will require deployment of better technology and greater integration of energy and water policies. In summary, the outlook for global energy is not just a matter for energy companies, but it is an issue for all of us. The global outlook expects global CO2 emissions to continue as population and demand for energy grows rapidly. Powerful long run trends continue to shape the modern energy economy: industrialization, urbanization and motorization.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
This is a lab report on Lead Detection and Toxicity essays Objective: To detect lead in samples that are at least 1% lead. Materials and Methods/Procedures: 0.5 ml of 6M nitric acid was placed in a test tube, 1.0 g of sample paint chips were added, and the test tube was placed in a beaker of boiling water for 15-20 minutes to dissolve the lead. 10-20 ml of acetic acid was placed on pottery, the pottery was allowed to stand for an hour, the solution was poured into a test tube, which was then placed in a beaker of boiling water for 5-10 minutes. The test tubes were carefully removed and 7-8 ml of fresh 1% sodium sulfite was added to neutralize additional acid. The samples were allowed to cool, the precipitate was allowed to settled ,and a couple of drops of 0.1 M potassium iodine were added to the samples. A raw egg was separated, the white was placed in a beaker, 10 drops of the white were placed in a watch glass, 1 ml (20 drops) of the lead acetate solution was applied, and results recorded. Three people collected 1 ml of saliva in clean test tubes, the saliva was combined in a 25 ml graduated cylinder, the test tubes were rinsed with 5 ml of pH 7 buffer solution, poured into the graduated cylinder with the saliva, enough pH7 buffer was added until the volume was 25 ml, and the mixture was stirred well. Five clean test tubes were labeled, 5 ml of the saliva solution was added to tubes #2-5, while 5 ml of pH 7 buffer was placed in tube #1. 1 ml of the lead acetate solution was added to tube #3-5, and observed for a reaction after 10 minutes, while 1ml of pH buffer was added to tubes #1, #2 and #4. Next, 10 ml of 1% starch solution was added to tubes #1, #4, and #5, and observed after 10 minutes, while 10 ml of distilled water was added to tubes #2 and #3. 5 ml of iodine solution was added to all 5 tubes, and after 15 seconds, the reactions were observed and recorded, and the solutions were ...
Monday, March 2, 2020
How Conservatives Would Reform Education The biggest obstacle to education reform is the existence of teachers unions. Unions act to protect the interests of teachers at any cost, even at the expense of students. Unions often work to minimize teacher accountability, protect low-quality teachers, and support the unsustainable expansion of retirement and health benefits. Labor unions once played a crucial role in ensuring fairness in the workplace. Unions were initially formed to protect workers against brutal employers who abused laborers, refused adequate breaks and time off, and did not ensure safe working conditions. Labor unions were never really intended for government workers or employees. For the most part, private labor union membership continues to fall as right-to-work reforms grow in strength in many states. When it comes to public sector unions, and specifically teachers unions, conservatives favor putting students needs first once again and ending the union-dominated culture that has prevented educational reforms in public education. As American students continue to lag in key areas and drop-out rates in major cities remain at unacceptable levels, itÃ¢â¬â¢s clear that the policies of the past have failed. Teachers have long enjoyed being portrayed as overworked and underpaid public servants who only go into the teaching field Ã¢â¬Å"for the children.Ã¢â¬ While that may have once been very true, union dominance has changed the this and, perhaps, the chief motivation for entering the profession. Unions have little to do with helping children. When teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s strike, it usually hurts the children they claim to have entered the profession for. Teachers arent in education for the money, they will tell us. In reality, unionized teachers typically strike for pay, preventing accountability, and enhancing already generous (and publicly paid) benefits. Support Merit Pay and Promote Standards Conservatives support ending the union-dominated contracts that oppose merit pay and advancement and places longevity of teaching over the quality of teaching. Conservatives support a merit-based system for public school teachers, and holding teachers accountable has been one of the most difficult things to do. Unions oppose most measures to determine whether teachers are effective and work to make it impossible to get rid of those who are not. Education is one of the few fields where a lack of results has no consequences, and length of teaching is of greater importance than the quality of teaching. In general, conservatives would support a bottom-up approach, and these standards would be local and statewide based. Applying the concepts ofÃ federalism should apply to education, just as it should for most government-related agencies. Local school districts should have the greatest power to determine effective and acceptable standards without interference from the heavy hand of either a large bureaucratic federal government or unions. Common Core is designed to be a national standards program but is disguised as a voluntary program. Support School Choice Not surprisingly, the biggest obstacle in enacting favorable school-choice legislation has been the opposition of well-funded labor unions. Polls have consistently shown that parents and communities overwhelmingly support school choice. Parents should have the ability to select the school that is the best fit for their child. Unfortunately, protecting the jobs and salaries of government teachers - no matter how ineffective they may be - is the main goal of unions. Unions rightly fear that an open and competitive atmosphere would deplete the ranks of people who would voluntarily send their children to public schools, thus reducing the need for public teachers, and the need for unions themselves. Recent History: The 2012 Chicago Teachers Union Strike In 2012, the Chicago Teachers Union went on strike over pay and accountability. As they forced the cancellation of classes for hundreds of thousands of students Ã¢â¬â leaving families in a bind Ã¢â¬â they took to the streets carrying signs about how the strike was for the sake of the kids. While this was untrue, continuing the myth of the abused, underpaid public school teacher is of utmost importance. Hiding behind children is an unique advantage teachers have over other Ã¢â¬Å"public servantsÃ¢â¬ like DMV processors or meter maids. (Imagine the amount of sympathy the drivers license clerk would get over a strike about increasing pay and benefits).Ã¢â¬â¹ With an average salary of $76,000, the typical Chicago teacher makes more money than roughly 3/4 of the country. Citing such teacher benefits as weekends off, nights off, long summers, and extended holidays are usually met with cries of Ã¢â¬Å"burnout.Ã¢â¬ Most jobs have a pretty big degree of burnout and teachers arenÃ¢â¬â¢t the only ones who get tired of their jobs and leave for something else. But teachers are special. They work with children. This supposedly makes teachers free from criticism. The major problem with the unions is that it becomes hard to find out who teaches for the children and who is there for the high-end government benefits. Unions have ensured teachers are among the most well-compensated, vacationed, and job-protected workforces in the country, all without true concern for what best helps students.
Friday, February 14, 2020
Demand assessment - Essay Example There are various options for controlling diffuse pollution which are listed and discussed in the following sections. Soil and water pollution is a common feature of population growth which is brought about by industrialization, development in agriculture, and exploitation of natural resources. Man-made chemicals, pest control, discharge from agricultural activities; and chemical waste products from industries all contribute towards pollution. Diffuse pollution is a form of pollution which results from long term contamination from urban or rural human activities. Diffuse pollution originates from different sources. In rural areas diffuse pollution has a different context when compared to urban diffuse pollution. Rural diffuse pollution problems arise from poaching livestock, spraying of chemicals, the use of fertilisers in farming, soil erosion due to extensive forestry etc. These problems can be controlled by using the following options: Nitrogen and phosphorus are harmful chemicals which lost from the soil seep into groundwater and surface waters, and pollute them. Agro chemicals impact the ecology of river waters and drinking water through mere 0.1Ã ¼g/1 (Defra 2009) Experts (DArcy 2004; Halm and Grathwohl 2005) are of the view that diffuse pollution control strategies should either reduce or restrict polluting substances. These can be achieved by adopting combination strategies to improve the environment. Intervention should be based on the following hierarchy of preferred control measures: The most preferred control option(s) for diffuse pollution should fall into the three broad categories of drainage infrastructure, containment or behavioural change. From the above listed diffuse pollution control options, the author recommends the following for each problem: i. Pollution from livestock - fencing of livestock is a viable option as it would help contain cattle heads